See also

Family of Francis SHORTLAND and Jane RIDGEWAY

Husband: Francis SHORTLAND (1796?-1875)
Wife: Jane RIDGEWAY (1800?-1838)
Children: John SHORTLAND (1831-1916)
Joseph SHORTLAND (1834- )
George SHORTLAND (1836-1837)
Marriage 1831 Hemel Hempstead, UK

Husband: Francis SHORTLAND

Name: Francis SHORTLAND
Sex: Male
Father: John SHORTLAND (1738?-1820)
Mother: Mary YOUNG (1750?-1818)
Birth 1796 (est) Luton, Bedfordshire, UK
Religion Anglican
Occupation Ropemaker
Census 6 Jun 1841 (age 45) Berkhamsted, Herts.1
Gossom's End, Berkhamsted, Herts.
Occupation 6 Jun 1841 (age 44-45) Ropemaker; Gossom's End, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, UK2
Census 6 Jun 1841 (age 45) Berkhamsted, Herts.3
Gossom's End, Berkhamsted, Herts.
Occupation 6 Jun 1841 (age 44-45) Rope maker; Berkhamsted, Herts.3
Census 30 Mar 1851 (age 50) Berkhamsted, Herts.4
9 High Street, Berkhamsted, Herts.
Among the lodgers staying in the Five Bells Inn, High Street, (landlord Thomas Rickets) were Francis Shortnal (married. 50, master rope maker, born Berkhamsted) and Joseph Shortnal (17, rope maker's assistant, born Berkhamsted).
The 1851 census shows (as we already knew):
Francis ShortNALL Ropemaker 50 with Joseph 17 at one address but Eliza 49 (Straw Plait Schoolmistress) and the two Lawrence children Adelaide (Strawplaiter) and Henry (invalid) at another. (Our Patriairch John at 19 being already gone to High Wycombe)
Occupation 30 Mar 1851 (age 54-55) Master Rope Maker; Berkhamsted, Herts.4
Census 1861 (age 58) Berkhamsted, Herts.
High Street, Berkhamsted St Peters, Great Berkhamsted
In the 1861 census (Ancestry) Francis is listed (as Francis Shortnal) as a rope maker, living on his own in the High Street, Berkhamsted, in 1861 (Ancestry). His probable wife Eliza is listed as "Aliza Shortnall" of "Goddesden, Herefordshire" in Brymbo, Denbighshire. She was visiting a John and Louisa Smith (born Lambeth, Surrey) and infant Mary Ann Smith (1, Brymbo, Denbighshire, Wales).
Census 7 Apr 1861 (age 58) Berkhamsted, Herts.5
11 High Street, Berkhamsted, Herts.
Occupation 7 Apr 1861 (age 64-65) Rope Maker; Berkhamsted, Herts.5
Census 1871 (age 74-75) Berkhamsted, Herts.
High Street, Great Berkhamsted
In the 1871 census (Ancestry) Francis Shortnall (81, Rope Maker, Luton, Beds) and his wife Eliza were living in the High Street, Berkhamsted with their unmarried granddaughter, Mary Ann Smith (11, straw plaiter, Wrexham, Wales) - Thi is a very young age for her to be their grandchild - may be a great-grandchild.
Census 2 Apr 1871 (age 81) Berkhamsted, Herts.6
11 High Street, Berkhamsted, Herts.
Occupation 2 Apr 1871 (age 74-75) Rope maker; Berkhamsted, Herts.6
National or Tribal Origin English
Marriage Count 3
Child Count 7
Death Mar 1875 (age 78-79) Berkhamsted, Herts.

Wife: Jane RIDGEWAY

Name: Jane RIDGEWAY
Sex: Female
Father: -
Mother: -
Birth 1800 (cal) Hemel Hempstead, UK
National or Tribal Origin English
Child Count 3
Marriage Count 1
Death 1838 (age 37-38) Gossom's End, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, UK

Child 1: John SHORTLAND

Name: John SHORTLAND
Sex: Male
Spouse 1: Lavinia ROCKELL (1835?-1862)
Spouse 2: Eliza COWELL (1843-1879)
Spouse 3: Rebecca GROVER (1846-1931)
Birth 1831 Berkhamsted, Herts.
Baptism 1836 (age 4-5) Berkhamsted, Herts.
Occupation Chairmaker; Staff Sergeant Bucks. Militia; Drummer
Religion Anglican
Census 1841 (age 9) Gossom's End, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, UK2
Census 6 Jun 1841 (age 9) Berkhamsted, Herts.3
Gossom's End, Berkhamsted, Herts.
Census 30 Mar 1851 (age 19) High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK7
(Boarder) Williams Household, Oxford Road
Occupation 30 Mar 1851 (age 19-20) Chair maker; High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK8
Census 2 Apr 1871 (age 38) High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK9
Union Street, Chipping Wycombe, High Wycombe, Bucks.
Occupation 2 Apr 1871 (age 39-40) Chairmaker and Musketry instructor, Bucks. Militia; High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK9
Census 3 Apr 1881 (age 49) High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK8
40 Oxford Road
Occupation 3 Apr 1881 (age 49-50) Staff Sergeant, Bucks. Militia; High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK7
Census 5 Apr 1891 (age 58) High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK10
Occupation 5 Apr 1891 (age 59-60) Chairmaker; High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK10
Occupation 31 Mar 1901 (age 69-70) Chair/Basket Caner; High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK11
Census 31 Mar 1901 (age 67) High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK12
65 Newland Meadows
Census 2 Apr 1911 (age 78) High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK13
41 WORLDS END HIGH WYCOMBE
Occupation 2 Apr 1911 (age 79-80) Chair Polisher; High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK13
Occupation Staff Sgt Bucks. Militia, & Chairmaker
Death 23 Feb 1916 (age 84-85) Workhouse Infirmary, Saunderton, Buckinghamshire, UK14
Cause: "Old Age" witnessed by A Preston, Matron, Union House Saunderton

Child 2: Joseph SHORTLAND

Name: Joseph SHORTLAND15,16,17,18
Sex: Male
Spouse 1: Anna CUNNINGHAM (1835-bef1891)
Spouse 2: Clara BERNARD (1855?- )
Birth 1834 Berkhamsted, Herts.
Baptism 20 Mar 1836 (age 1-2) Berkhamsted, Herts.
Occupation Cab Driver19,20,21,22
Census 6 Jun 1841 (age 7) Gossom's End, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, UK2
Census 6 Jun 1841 (age 7) Berkhamsted, Herts.3
Gossom's End, Berkhamsted, Herts.
Census 1851 (age 16-17) Berkhamsted, Herts.
Five Bells Inn, High Street
Among the lodgers staying in the Five Bells Inn, High Street, (landlord Thomas Rickets) were Francis Shortnal (married. 50, master rope maker, born Berkhamsted) and Joseph Shortnal (17, rope maker's assistant, born Berkhamsted).
Census 30 Mar 1851 (age 17) Berkhamsted, Herts.4
9 High Street
Occupation 30 Mar 1851 (age 16-17) Rope Maker's Assistant; Berkhamsted, Herts.4
Census 7 Apr 1861 (age 27) Marylebone, Paddington, London, UK23
21 Norfolk Crescent
Occupation 7 Apr 1861 (age 26-27) Indoor Servant; Marylebone, Paddington, London, UK23

Child 3: George SHORTLAND

Name: George SHORTLAND
Sex: Male
Birth 1836 Gossom's End, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, UK
Baptism 20 Mar 1836 (age 0)
National or Tribal Origin English
Death 1837 (age 0-1) Gossom's End, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, UK

Note on Marriage

These were the marriage in 1831 of Francis ShortLAND to Jane Ridgeway in Hemel Hempstead with the scrawled signature that looks like SHATTNANL. (Francis bachelor, Jane spinster)

Note on Husband: Francis SHORTLAND

But now for the real anomalies. The baptismal certs give mother to all his children as "Elizabeth". So where is Jane Ridgeway?

Baptisms:

a) 1816 Mary: Elizabeth "first daughter" of Francis and Elizabeth Shortnall (born 1815)

b) 1835: Ellen, "adult, daughter of Francis & Elizabeth" (born 1818) (presumably "second daughter"?)

c) 1836 20th March: Margaret "third daughter" (born 1821)

d) 1836 20th March: John "second son" (born 1832) (Who was first son?)

e) 1836 20th March: Joseph "third son" (born 1834)

f) 1836 20th March: George "fourth son" (born 1836)

 

Note that the George born 1836, baptised 1836, is without doubt the same George who died aged 1 in 1837. But we know his mother was Jane Ridgeway who died in 1838.

So it is clear that the recording of "Elizabeth" as mother to ALL the baptised children is a clerical error. Perhaps Francis gave mother of Margaret, the eldest to be baptised, as "Elizabeth" and the clerk recorded them all as of same mother.

Sources

1"Census 1841 Gossom's End, Berhamsted, Herts. HO107/440/3".
picture

Source: Census 1841 Gossom's End, Berhamsted, Herts. HO107/440/3, 1841 - Frank Shortnall and Family census Tom-Joss

2"Census 1841 Gossom's End, Berkhamsted, Herts. HO/107/440/3".
picture

Source: Census 1841 Gossom's End, Berkhamsted, Herts. HO/107/440/3, 1841 - Frank Shortnall and Family census Tom-Joss

3"Census 1841 Berkhamsted, Herts. HO107/440/3".
picture

Source: Census 1841 Berkhamsted, Herts. HO107/440/3, 1841 - F(rank) Shortnal Eliza Shortnall and Family census Tom-Joss - Gossoms End Berkhamstead

4"Census 1851 Berkhamsted, Herts. HO107/1716/115/p.4 (Boarding house)".
picture

Source: Census 1851 Berkhamsted, Herts. HO107/1716/115/p.4 (Boarding house), 1851 - Francis and Joseph Shortnall, 9 High St, Berkhamsted

5"Census 1861 Berkhamsted, Herts. RG9/841/107/p.3".
picture

Source: Census 1861 Berkhamsted, Herts. RG9/841/107/p.3, 1861 - Francis Shortnal (alone), 11 High St, Berkhamsted

6"Census 1871 Berkhamsted, Herts. RG10/1389/113/p.2".
picture

Source: Census 1871 Berkhamsted, Herts. RG10/1389/113/p.2, 1871 - Francis and Eliza Shortnal - 11 High St, Berkhamstead

7"Census 1881 High Wycombe, Bucks. RG11/1464/p. 55".
picture

Source: Census 1881 High Wycombe, Bucks. RG11/1464/p. 55, 1881 - John Shortland 1881 Census

8"Census 1851 High Wycombe, Bucks. HO107/1719/233".
picture

Source: Census 1851 High Wycombe, Bucks. HO107/1719/233, 1851 - John Shortland (Shortlin) b 1832 Lodger

9"Census 1871 Chipping Wycombe, High Wycombe, Bucks. RG10/1403/p.16".
picture

Source: Census 1871 Chipping Wycombe, High Wycombe, Bucks. RG10/1403/p.16, 1871 - John Shortland Census

10"Census 1891 High Wycombe, Bucks. RG12/1138/24/p.41".
picture

Source: Census 1891 High Wycombe, Bucks. RG12/1138/24/p.41, 1891 - John Rebecca and family 42 Newland

11"Census 1901 Chipping Wycombe, Wycombe All Saints, Bucks. RG/13/1346/p 24".
picture

Source: Census 1901 Chipping Wycombe, Wycombe All Saints, Bucks. RG/13/1346/p 24, 1901 - John Shortland b 1834 Census

12"Census 1901 High Wycombe, Bucks. RG13/1346/p.24".
picture

Source: Census 1901 High Wycombe, Bucks. RG13/1346/p.24, 1901 - John Shortland b 1834 Census

13"Census 1911 High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK RG14PN7868 RG78PN393 RD145 SD1 ED5 SN155 (28 years married, 3 children born, 3 surviving)".
picture

Source: Census 1911 High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, UK RG14PN7868 RG78PN393 RD145 SD1 ED5 SN155 (28 years married, 3 children born, 3 surviving), 1911 - John and Rebecca Shortland (Medium)

14"England & Wales, FreeBMD Birth Index: 1837-1983" (3a662). 3a, 1113. Cit. Date: Q1 1916. Assessment: Primary evidence.
John Shortland, 83, Wycombe, Jan/Feb/Mar 1916, (3a, 1113)
15"1861 Census". Assessment: Primary evidence.
Text From Source: 1861 Census, listed in London, Paddington Parish, Kensington registration district, Marylebone municipal borough in the household of Alfred Keyser at 21 Norfolk Crescent. Joseph Shortland, age 27, is listed as an indoor servant, born in Berkhamstead, Herts. His future wife, Anna Cunningham, age 26, is also listed in this household as a ladies maid, born in Little Melton, Norfolk.
16"1881 Census". Assessment: Primary evidence.
Text From Source: 1881 Census, listed in London in Islington registration district at 16 Annette Rd., Joseph Shortland, age 47, born in Gt. Berkhamstead, Herts., was listed as a cabdriver. Also listed were his wife, Anna, age 46, born in L. Melton, Norfolk, and his son Sydney, age 5, scholar, born in Barnsbury, Middlesex.
17"1891 UK Census Online". Assessment: Primary evidence.
Text From Source: 1891 Census, listed in Block 6C, Peabody Buildings, in Lambeth registration district. Joseph Shortland, age 57, born in Great Berkhamstead, Herts, was listed as a cabdriver. Listed with him were his new wife, Clara [Barnard], age 56, born in Somers Town, Middlesex, and two of her children from her earlier marriage, Emily S. Barnard, age 20, born in Bethnal Green, and Charles J. Barnard, age 17, a clerk, and also born in Bethnal Green. Joseph's son Sydney Joseph C. Shortland, listed here as Joseph C. Shirtland (sic), age 15, born in Bermondsey, Surrey, was listed as a bookbinder's porter.
18"1901 Census". Assessment: Primary evidence.
Text From Source: 1901 Census, listed in St. Pancras, London at 30 Rochester Sq., Joseph Shortland, age 67, born at Gt. Berkhamstead, Herts., was shown as a cabdriver, with his wife Clara, age 66 born in Somers Town, London.
19"1861 Census". Assessment: Primary evidence.
20"1871 Census". Assessment: Primary evidence.
21"1881 Census".
22"1891 UK Census Online".
23"Census 1861 Marylebone, Paddington, London RG9/9/p.6".
picture

Source: Census 1861 Marylebone, Paddington, London RG9/9/p.6, 1861 - Joseph and Anna (Cunningham) Shortland